Humans live alongside elephants, gaur (sometimes also called Indian bison), leopards and macaques in South India’s Anamalai hills, as tea and coffee plantations slowly replace the area’s ancient rainforests.
After a very interesting few days of temple-viewing in Madurai and Thanjavur (Tanjore), we drove for six hours up into the Anamalai Hills of India’s Western Ghat mountains to the tiny little plantation town of Valparai. A part of us expected that this would be just like Coonoor, Coorg and the other places we’ve been in the Western Ghats. Another part of us, though, knew that Valparai and its surrounding hills are at the forefront of the struggle of man and animal to live alongside each other, as their habitat shrinks while ours expands. And that this would be a very different experience.
Living with wild animals
Most of our drive from Thanjavur was through the plains. The last hour or so, though, was through the hills of the Anamalai Tiger Reserve, and that set the tone for the rest of our visit. For the next three days, we kept our eyes peeled for glimpses of unfamiliar animals and birds, most of which we hadn’t even heard of. Of course, the fact that we were guests of the Nature Conservation Foundation (NCF) also might have had something to do with it. NCF, among other things, is working to reduce the conflict between humans and animals in the Western Ghats. Project leaders Divya Mudappa and TR ‘Sridhar’ Shankar Raman have lived in Valparai for close to two decades, trying to restore fragments of degraded rainforest, studying how the breaking up of habitats affects wildlife, working to safeguard endangered species, and keeping elephants and gaur from hurting people—and vice versa.
We got to the NCF guesthouse in Iyerpadi, a few kilometres outside Valparai, early that evening. The guesthouse and basecamp were in Parry Agro Industries’ tea plantation, and after unpacking, we headed down the path to the basecamp to say hello to the team. Among the jovial scientists, researchers and students we met over welcome cups of hot tea were M Ananda Kumar and Ganesh Raghunathan, the two men who have been instrumental in setting up an early warning system to help locals steer clear of elephants when they get too close.
Watch this brilliant video on the work Anand and Ganesh are doing.
Dinner that evening was hosted at Sridhar and Divya’s charming home in Valparai, with the NCF’s regional office next door, and their landlord—an avid motorcycle collector with a mint-condition vintage Norton Dominator in his garage—at the end of the street. Over dinner, the two regaled us with stories of their encounters with the area’s wildlife, the highlight of which was Sridhar’s account of a leopard that he found sitting on the roof of their living room one morning! On the way back to the guesthouse, we spotted a porcupine, with its long striped quills, scuttling away between the tea bushes next to the road, but couldn’t get a picture (though we did figure out what tea bushes look like from the point of view of a porcupine). That night, as instructed, we didn’t go out, for fear of encountering the big male gaur that liked to hang out outside the guesthouse, or a stray elephant. I woke up sweating in the middle of the night to the sound of snuffling and dry leaves crackling outside my window, but that was probably just a wild boar.
Of rainforests and silver-haired monkeys
The next morning, we headed out to take a look at NCF’s EcoQuest Nature Discovery Center, a cottage on the main road just outside the estate that they’ve converted into an information center on Indian wildlife and its habitats. Though small, the center’s exquisite hand-painted murals and carefully curated displays were so interesting that we spent at least an hour wandering though the little rooms—each dedicated to a different subject—and ended up buying their ‘Indigenous Birds of India’ tee shirts as well. We then headed to the rainforest nursery where NCF grows saplings of indigenous rainforest trees, which they then transplant to patches of degraded forests in an effort to rebuild the area’s habitats and help form corridors for wildlife to move between larger patches of rainforest. After years of trial and error and thousands of saplings, Sridhar and Divya have figured out which trees to grow, how long they take until they can be transplanted, and where to transplant them to. As we drove to and from the nursery, Sridhar proudly pointed out various patches of forests they have restored to their natural state over the years, but also talked about how much more work there was to be done.
All the tramping about that morning had made us hungry, so we headed to NCF’s go-to eatery, the very basic but extremely good Mary Matha Mess. On the way, we saw a troop of endangered lion-tailed macaques along the main road, trying to raid a house a little further down the valley. We were a little confused, at first, because of how similar they look to Nilgiri langurs, but it turns out the macaques are smaller and have a larger mane than the langurs. Besides watching the macaques, we also said hello to the NCF staffer tasked with warning passing cars of the monkeys’ presence to try and avoid accidents. After a few minutes of admiring these small but majestic-looking monkeys, we listened to our stomachs and headed in direction Mary Matha Mess.
Our long lunch was a traditional meal of rice, vegetables, sambar, rasam and curds served on a fresh banana leaf and accompanied by a masala omelette—one that we tucked into with such gusto that we had to stagger back to our car in the end. After lunch came our customary nap, of course, and after another round of evening tea with the NCF group, we took a long walk through the plantation to try and make up for the amount we ate at lunch. We failed.
Dinner that night was another cosy affair at Divya’s and Sridhar’s home, with more food, drink and pleasant conversation—though we couldn’t do justice to the food because of the day’s lunch, and promised we would finish the leftovers the next day. Later that night, just before turning in, I set up my camera outside the guesthouse to try and capture the crystal-clear night sky with its billions of stars. To my amazement, the photographs showed even more stars than I could see by just looking up! Imagine how many more must be out there…
We miss a hornbill, see some gaur, and have a great last dinner
The next day was our last in Valparai, and we started it by trying to spot the endangered great hornbill. We drove to a spot where these giants of the canopy are known to nest, and crept about the forest for a while until Sridhar spotted a nest. Interestingly, hornbills nest in the hollows of trees, and females seal themselves inside, with only a small opening through which they are fed by the males. So while we found the nest, the most we saw was the bright orange tip of the female’s beak. We stayed well away from the nest and kept as quiet as we could while we waited for the male to show up, but no luck. We didn’t dare stay longer than half an hour for fear that it was our presence that was keeping him away, so we walked back through the forest, spotting a Malabar giant squirrel here, a crested serpent eagle there, but no great hornbill. During our walk, Divya received a call with the news that a local woman had been hurt by an elephant. It seems she had been walking through a plantation with some colleagues when they surprised a herd of elephants coming the other way, and was hurt when one of the elephants pushed her out of the way with its trunk. We were all concerned, but it turned out she was alright and had been injured more by the fall than by the elephant’s actions—an important distinction for the NCF, I suppose, in their efforts to keep public opinion on the elephants’ side.
That evening, our last in Valparai, we were in for a treat: dinner had been organized for us at Sinna Dorai’s Bungalow, a plantation estate house converted into luxurious homestay. Twenty minutes into our drive through the estate, though, we were thrilled to see a large herd of female gaur and their calves grazing in the swamp at the bottom of the valley. We were very excited, because the most we had seen so far was three or four at a time. After a few minutes of frantic photography in the failing light, we moved on.
It took us half an hour of driving through vast plantations that looked like they had been around for at least a century before we got to our destination: a lovely old colonial-style house perched on top of a hill with a view of the rolling hills and the lights of a few houses glimmering in the evening light. We found out that Sinna Dorai’s has six rooms, of which four are in cottages a little away from the main estate house. Since we hadn’t seen anything other than modest guesthouses and lodges until then, this definitely seemed like the place to stay in Valparai—if you can get reservations. We were also told that elephants regularly roam the plantation near the estate house at night, which we believed even more when we saw a security guard constantly patrolling the grounds with a torch after it got dark. But elephants were soon forgotten, as we sat down to tuck into the large spread of wholesome home-style food laid out especially for us in their conference room. Also in true home-style tradition, it was far too much, and just sampling everything on offer left us so stuffed that we couldn’t have cared less if an elephant had sat down to dinner next to us. Sinna Dorai’s, with its colonial charm, cosy rooms, traditional food and friendly staff—most of which have been around from the time when it was still a functioning estate house—would definitely be a great place from which to explore Valparai and its surroundings.
That night, I was woken up again by crackling leaves—and munching sounds!—outside the window. I firmly believe that it was something big, maybe an elephant, but a gaur at the very least. I don’t think I’ll ever know. Maybe I need to go back and find out.
- The closest airport to Valparai is Coimbatore, which has direct flights connecting to lots of cities in South India. The taxi from Coimbatore to Valparai will cost you around Rs. 3,000.
- On the drive up to Valparai, look out for the Nilgiri Tahr (a kind of mountain goat) that like to clamber around the sheer stony hills. There’s even a dedicated viewpoint.
- The road up to Valparai has 40 hairpin bends, so if you’re prone to motion sickness, you might want to avoid eating before driving up or down.
- The area is much less touristy than popular hill stations like Ooty, so don’t expect more than basic facilities, and fewer things to do.
- The town itself doesn’t have many above-average accommodation options. If you like luxury, your best bet is to stay at Sinna Dorai’s Bungalow.
- Remember that wild animals always have the right of way. DO NOT try to feed them, get their attention or provoke them. You could end up hurting them or yourself.
- The more quiet you are, the better your chances of seeing wildlife.
- Wild elephants and gaur are notoriously bad-tempered. If you encounter any, get away as fast as you can.
A local favourite is ‘barota’, which is what they malabar parota, and is usually served with chutney or potato curry. Even otherwise, vegetarian food is easy to come by.